Central DuPage Hospital - Medical Services - Neurosciences - Balance and Dizzy
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Neurosciences: Balance and Dizzy
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Balance and Dizzy

Balance disorders can result in dizziness, vertigo, lightheadedness and/or motion sickness.  Lack of balance can disrupt a person's ability to perform daily activities accurately and safely. The Neurosciences Institute at CDH works closely with our Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation teams to improve the quality of life for patients with balance disorders.

Types of Balance and Dizzy Disorders

Most balance disorders are the result of problems in the central cavity - or vestibule - of the inner ear.   Others are caused by disease, injury, tumors or other medical conditions. 

Conditions of the inner ear that can cause dizziness (unsteadiness) and vertigo (spinning sensation) are:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo - calcium crystals in the inner ear
  • Vestibular neuritis/neuronitis - viral infection of the inner ear
  • Labrynthitis - an inflammation in the inner ear
  • Meniere's disease - an abnormality in the flow of fluids in the inner ear
  • Perilymph fistula - an abnormal opening between the middle ear and the inner ear
  • Bilateral vestibular disorders - balance disturbance in both inner ears
  • Vestibular and balance deficits in children with developmental disorders

Other medical conditions that can cause a balance disorder are:

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Stroke
  • Benign tumors
  • Migraines
  • Gait impairments/falls
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Orthopaedic surgeries affecting hips, knees, ankles and spine

Patients are referred to physical therapy if their primary symptoms are dizziness, lack of balance or visual motor disturbances. Secondary symptoms such as reduced activity levels, reduced strength, loss of mobility, increased muscle tension, muscle fatigue and headaches can also be treated with physical therapy.

Balance and Vestibular Rehabilitation

The first step is a comprehensive evaluation of all symptoms and impairments affecting balance. The "Equitest" enables us to evaluate posture, control and balance under dynamic conditions that reflect everyday activities. From the evaluation, we design a treatment plan to help:

  • Decrease or eliminate dizziness
  • Increase balance and safety
  • Improve visual motor control
  • Increase functional and recreational activity levels

How to Contact Us

For more information or to schedule an appointment, please call 630-933-4056.